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1-How long has Plasma Tech been in business?

Plasma Tech was founded in 2004 by A. Shafiei, M. Chehrazi and E. Sabetpour and has been in continuous operation ever since.

2-Where is Plasma Tech located?

Plasma Tech is located in ISTT, Isfahan, just Northwest of Isfahan.

3-How do I speak to the staff of Plasma Tech?

It’s simple. You call and ask for the person you want. One of the most important aspects of our personal service at Plasma Tech is the fact that you can always speak to Direct Manger, or anyone in our customer service department. At Plasma Tech, a computer will never answer our telephone, and you will always reach a real person who can give you the information that you need.

4-What are the size capacities at Plasma Tech for Plasma Nitriding?

Plasma Tech can handle your components up to 1000mm in diameter x 1800mm in length.

5-Does Plasma Tech offer services in addition to Ion-Plasma Nitriding?

Yes. Plasma Tech is a full-service company offering you a wide range of services in addition to Ion-Plasma Nitriding, including: PVD, Thermal Spray, Application Engineering and Tooling Design.

6-How does the Ion-Plasma Nitriding process work?

The Ion-Plasma Nitriding process is accomplished inside a vacuum chamber with a precisely controlled atmosphere of nitrogen, hydrogen and other gases. The atmosphere is ionized using a combination of convection heating and pulse-DC electrical current, resulting in atomic absorption of nitrogen into the surface of metal components in the chamber. The temperature range of the process is between 400°C and 580°C, making Ion-Plasma Nitriding virtually distortion-free for your critical precision components.

7-What is PlasNit™?

PlasNit™, our proprietary Ion-Plasma Nitriding process, is the most advanced case-hardening process available today for steel materials. Your PlasNit™ treated components develop increased surface strength and durability, while maintaining dimensional integrity throughout the process - no post-treatment machining is required.

8-What is PlasNit™OXY-NIT?

Our PlasNit™OXY-NIT process supplements the ion-plasma nitride case with an oxide layer in order to enhance the tribological and corrosion properties of your components. Depending on the substrate material and the resultant ion-plasma nitride case, your component surface will develop an ebony-type finish. The oxide layer can improve sliding wear characteristics by providing a semi-porous lubricant retention layer. A complex oxide layer can also be developed to improve the corrosion resistance of your nitrided component. Depending on the material and nitride process, the oxide layer can double or triple the corrosion resistance of your treated components.

9-How do you mask component surface areas that do not need to be treated?

Masking for Ion-Plasma Nitriding is accomplished by simply interrupting the glow seam in the area to be masked. It is simple and cost effective with no plating involved.

10-What is thermal spraying?

Thermal spray processes involve delivery of material usually within the size range of 5 to 200 microns at a high speed towards a surface. Historically this material took the form of liquid droplets that were heated by a flame and transported within a flame towards a surface where the splashing phenomena and subsequent solidification were able to create a holding strength for the deposited droplets and the resulting coating. Today, the size of material transported has reached the bottom limit of the particle size range and may not necessarily be in a molten state. Furthermore, the form of material fed into a thermal spray source may not necessarily only contain powder.

11-How are thermal spray processes classified?

Initially thermal spray processes were classified according to the type of heat source. For example, processes were classed as flame, plasma or detonation gun spraying. Modifications to the heat source environment further classed these materials into the precise category by which these processes are known today.

12-What processes are classified as thermal spray processes?

• Cold spraying

• Flame spraying

• High velocity oxy fuel (HVOF) spraying

• Arc spraying

• Plasma spraying

• Detonation gun

13-What materials can be thermally sprayed?

Materials that can be plastically formed either in the solid or liquid state can be deposited. Where heating is involved, only those materials that remain stable upon heating can be sprayed. Instability may refer to oxidation or decomposition of the material. These materials may, however, be deposited in the form of composites where a secondary material is used to protect the unstable or reactive material. Spraying into a special atmosphere, use of a metallic or polymeric binder to form a composite, or encapsulation of these powder are means of protecting the thermally sensitive materials.

14-What forms of materials can be used for thermal spraying?

Thermal spray feedstocks can take several forms which are suited to various materials such as:

• Powder - plastic, metal, composite, ceramic

• Wire - metal, composite

• Rods - ceramic

• Liquid

15-What is thermal spraying used for?

Thermal spraying is used to produce flattened particles, spherical particles (either hollow or dense) and coatings. The most common application is the production of coatings. Coatings can be deposited to such dimensions that freeforms can be produced.

16-What are some common applications of thermally sprayed coatings?

• Wear and abrasion resistance coatings - mining

• Biomedical - orthopaedics (e.g. hydroxyapatite), dentistry, cancer therapy

• Thermal barrier coatings - combustion engines

• Anticorrosion coatings - infrastructure and marine environments

• Abradables - aviation industry

• Ink transfer rolls - printing industry

• Reclamation of worn components

• Art - glass colouring, bronze application

• Electronic applications

17-What advantages does thermal spraying have over other coating technologies?

• Able to deposit high melting temperature materials

• Fast coating deposition

• No volatile organics are employed as is the case with many paints

• Fast heating and cooling produced inequilibrium phases and may avoid decomposition of certain materials.

18-How are thermally sprayed coatings created/built up?

A molten particle or a particle able to deform plastically is transported at high speeds within a heat source towards a surface upon which deposition occurs. The droplet or particle undergoes spreading and may create a chemical bond with the underlying surface. With materials that are not able to produce a chemical bond, the substrate is roughened to create a mechanical bond. Each droplet or particle impacts a roughened surface and mechanically interlocks with the asperities on the underlying surface.

19-Due to the high processing temperatures, is oxidation a problem?

Oxidation can be overcome by the use of a shroud placed onto the torch or by placing the thermal spray process into a chamber with a controlled atmosphere. With plasma spraying, the controlled atmosphere most commonly is a vacuum.

20-Are thermal stresses in thermally sprayed coatings a problem?

The residual stress remaining within the deposited particles mostly influences ceramic coatings. The cooling of such materials needs to be optimised to avoid excessive residual stress levels.

21-How thick are typical coatings deposited by thermal spray processes?

The coatings thickness is dictated by the size of the feedstock for powders, the size of the droplets for arc spraying or the size of the atomised droplets created by the liquid spray process. Typically, flattening of the material by factor of three of the particle size can be expected. To create thin coatings one requires a very fine particle size, usually at sizes between 10 and 20 microns. It is not uncommon to find coatings as thin as 30 microns. Liquid spray processing is able to decrease the thickness even more

22-What factors influence bond strength?

Bond strength is dictated by the speed of the particle, temperature within the thermal spray plume, substrate roughness and reaction with the underlying substrate. Bond strength up to 60-80 MPa is not uncommon for thermally sprayed materials. The bonding ability is material and process dependant.